North East England is home to the county of Durham and the county town of the same name. Durham Cathedral and Castle is a World Heritage Site and very popular with visitors.
The largest settlement is Darlington and the industrial heritage of the area was traditionally coal and iron mining and farming, with a heavy railway industry located in the south of the county.
Today it is experiencing regeneration and is promoted as a tourist destination. Fewer than one per cent of the population, which numbers more than half a million, work in agriculture, while service industries dominate the current economy.